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Binangonan, Rizal

Binangonan, Rizal
Binangonan
—  Municipality  —

Seal
Map of Rizal showing the location of Binangonan
Binangonan is located in Philippines
Binangonan
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°28′N 121°12′E / 14.467°N 121.2°E / 14.467; 121.2Coordinates: 14°28′N 121°12′E / 14.467°N 121.2°E / 14.467; 121.2
Country  Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Rizal
District 1st District of Rizal
Founded 1766
Barangays 40
Government
 – Mayor Cecilio M. Ynares (Nationalist People's Coalition)
 – Vice Mayor Reynaldo C. Dela Cuesta (Nationalist People's Coalition)
Area
 – Municipality 64.38 km2 (24.9 sq mi)
Elevation 75.28 m (246.97 ft)
Population (2007)
 – Municipality 255,949
 – Density 3,975.6/km2 (10,296.8/sq mi)
 – Metro Manila
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 1940
Income class 1st class, urban
Website binangonan.gov.ph
Population Census of Binangonan
Census Pop. Rate
1995 140,700
2000 187,691 6.38%
2007 238,931 3.39%
Est. 2009 255,949 36.37%

The Municipality of Binangonan is a first class urban municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 238,931 inhabitants in 38,488 households in census. It has a land area of 64.38 km².

A thriving fish port and fishing industry is found in Binangonan, having a long coast line facing the Laguna de Bay. The plant of Rizal Cement and Grandspan are in Binangonan as well.

Contents

History of Binangonan

Its name in English means, “The first established town around the lake.” Although in reference to legend of how towns around Laguna lake were named, Binangonan must mean "place from where someone or something rose," which Binangonan in Pangasinan language means.

A first class municipality, Binangonan lies between the foothills of Sierra Madre and the shores of Laguna de Bay. It is composed of 23 mainland and 17 island barangays.

This town was separated and became an independent parish in 1621 through the initiatives of the Franciscan missionaries. The town was established in 1737 and conquered by the Spaniards in 1763. It became a town in 1900 during the American colonial period. Binangonan’s major historical landmark is the 200 year-old Santa Ursula Parish, located at the heart of the town. Binangonan is a major supplier of freshwater fishes from Laguna de Bay like dulong, ayungin, biya, kanduli, and gurami to Metro Manila, Laguna, Cavite and Batangas.

Through the combined efforts of former Mayor and Gov. Casimiro M. Ynares, Jr. and its Municipal Mayor Cesar M. Ynares, Binangonan obtained the title as “The Education Center of Rizal.” This recognition was achieved by the existence of Rizal National High School, the University of Rizal System, and the Technical Education Skills Development Authority (TESDA) center, educational institutions that secure and offer quality education to Rizal’s inhabitants where even the less fortunate can achieve quality education including technical and vocational knowledge. Binangonan’s major source of income comes from agriculture, where 49 percent of its total land area are devoted to agriculture and livestock industries, while the source of income of residents in its coastal barangays are mainly fishing and aquaculture industry. Other sources of income come from manufacturing, commercial establishments, real estate, and public utility services.

Mayors during the American period

  • Jose G. Ynares -- (1901–1905) First appointed executive of the municipality in 1901 and elected President the following year.
  • Manuel Y. Ison -- (1906–1907) He raised funds for the construction of the first municipal building.
  • Clemente Antiporda -- (1908–1912) During his term, a permanent municipal building was constructed.
  • Antonio Sisante -- (1913–1915) His achievement was the construction of three artesian wells.
  • Lorenzo Flores -- (1916–1922) Roads and bridges were built and the old market was repaired during his term.
  • Valentin Antazo -- (1922–1928) He purchased the present Binangonan Central Elementary School site; built the H.E. Building and the Puericulture Center for the Women's Club.
  • Julio Antiporda -- (1928–1936) He planned the establishment of a public market in Pila-pila.

Japanese occupation

During World War II, Binangonan was one of the evacuation centers for the residents of Manila and neighboring suburbs. People hid in the mountains and in Talim Island. The war brought untold difficulties and sufferings. Schools were temporarily closed; professionals turned to fishing, buy and sell for living. Many died of starvation, malnutrition and diseases while others survived by eating camote tops, papaya, corn, coconut and vegetables. Several people were killed when the Japanese machine- gunned the Rizal Cement Factory. Months after the Japanese occupied the town, Faustino Antiporda organized Bantay Sunog, a brigade tasked in maintaining peace and order by providing volunteer males as nightly guards against looters and trouble makers. At that time, Col. Augustin Marking was recruiting members for his guerilla unit. Thus, the brigade became the local guerillas secretly affiliated with Marking’s group. Major Teofilo Cenido was appointed Mayor of the Provost Marshall of Military Police. Weapons available then were one Spring Field Riffle and five Granadora from five USAFFE soldiers who escaped from Bataan. In 1942, Japanese troop, guided by two Filipinas, landed in Matikiw and inspected the Rizal Cement Factory. Resisting local guerillas were killed by the invaders. Filipino reinforcement retaliated by wiping out the entire Japanese troop. Dead soldiers, initially buried in the factory, were dug up and fed to the kiln. Even Japanese vessels were sunk in the lake to hide the massacre. Because of this, the Japanese held sona or the screening of all males in the town. The Japanese Kempetai punished suspected guerillas. In spite of the brutal torture inflicted on them, the Filipinos did not betray the guerilla organization. Talim Island was also subjected to Japanese sona. On August 7, 1942, bombs were dropped in the neighboring towns killing four in Janosa and claiming a number of casualties in Cardona. Suspected guerillas were brought to Sta. Cruz, Laguna. Even the parish priest at that time, a Columbian Fr. Martin Strong, was held in Los Banos concentration camp. Late in 1944, the Makapilis, a group of pro-Japanese Filipinos, occupied the convent and served as Japanese interpreters. They were instruments in the cruelties suffered by the Filipinos.

In January 1945, the Japanese took the convent from the Makapilis and put up their headquarters. But they only stayed there for one week, scared of the nightly apparitions of a white lady believed to be the ghost haunting the convent. Mayor Emerenciano Unida was killed by the Japanese when he refused to reveal the guerilla organization.

When Filipino troops of the 4th and 42nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and 4th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary was liberated and entering in Binangonan on 1945 with the recognized guerrillas of the Col Marking's guerrillas and ROTC Hunter guerillas to defeated and attacking Japanese Imperial forces and ended in World War II under the Japanese Occupation.

Mayors during Japanese period

  • Felix Katipunan -- (1936–1942) He built roads and artesian wells and added rooms to the municipal building.
  • Emerenciano M. Unida -- (1942–1945) He was the deputy mayor when Katipunan got ill. He supplied starving residents with foods and worked for the release of captured Filipinos.
  • Juan Jerusalem -- (1945) He took over as Mayor after Unida's death. He was shot in the Rizal Cement Compound before the combined American and Filipino troops liberated the country.

Period of independence

Binangonan was liberated from the Japanese forces on February 25, 1945, the feast day of the patroness of the town, Sta. Ursula. The Japanese' plan to burn the town was prevented by the timely arrival of combined American and Philippine Commonwealth army forces on the eve of the feast day. The local guerillas, with Major Ceñido deploying his men in Bunot Mountain, prevented the escape of Japanese forces. The Japanese peacefully retreated and pulled their forces out. The liberation was quite peaceful for no fighting ever took place. It was also a glorious celebration as barrio folks rode on top of tanks and jeepneys with the soldiers of the combined Filipinos and Americans. People lined along the streets, jumping with glee, weeping tears of joy while shouting "Victory". The American and Filipino military commander instructed the guerillas led by Major Ceñido to set up temporary headquarters in poblacion and to do surveillance work. When the combined Filipino and American troops proceeded to Angono, they left the command under the local Military Police, composed of all units in Binangonan. Napoleon Antazo, the town commander of the ROTC Hunter guerillas, was appointed Mayor through the orders of the 43rd Infantry Division of the U.S. Army and the 4th and 42nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army. Next to be appointed town mayor from 1945 to 1946 was Casimiro Ynares, Sr., son of Don Jose Ynares. When the Philippines became a Republic in 1946, the municipal government was allowed greater autonomy.

Post-war accomplishments 1946-1951

The first Mayor after World War II was Dr. Jose Pacis. Among his accomplishments were as follows.

  • Construction of wharf linking the Muella de Sta. Ursula to Pritil.
  • Construction of a modern public market, a self-liquidating project funded by the Rehabilitation Finance Corporation.
  • Construction of combined basketball courts and tennis courts in the town’s plaza.
  • Beautification of the Kalbaryo.
  • Additional artesian wells.
  • Construction of a new street extending from Munting Bundok to M. H. del Pilar Street.
  • Construction of a double market tienda, the only one in eastern Rizal at that time, which was completed with the P25,000.00 funds donated by ex-Senator Vicente Madrigal to Mayor Jose Pacis.

Mayors of Binangonan

Casimiro Ynares, Sr. was elected Mayor and served from 1952 to 1956. Other officials were Vice Mayor Pedro Fineza, Councilors Bonifacio Gahol, Policarpio Aralar, Aniano Bautista, Bonifacio Capre, Antonio Antiporda and Alfredo Bonifacio.

Dr. Jose Pacis was the Mayor for two consecutive terms. Antonio Antiporda was the Vice-Mayor while the reelected councilors were Mariano Cervo, Francisco Matematico and Romulo de los Reyes. Newly elected councilors were Zoilo Estacio, Monico Tirana, Graciano Plegaria, and Lucio Cenina. During Pacis’ term, a resolution specifying the construction of new municipal building in Calumpang was approved.

Atty. Pedro Fineza was elected Mayor in 1963. Under his banner, Vice-Mayor Zoilo Estacio and eight councilors also won. The same line up made a clean sweep of the elections that followed. A lone opposition, Reynaldo Aralar, joined the council.

Casimiro Ynares, Jr. was the youngest mayor, elected in 1971. Other officers were Vice-Mayor Zoilo Estacio and Councilors Mariano Erasga, Reynaldo Aralar, Pedro Vital, Jr., Felimon Gonzales, Remedios Paralejas, Lorenzo Barlinan, Pedro San Felipe and Macario Cenidoza. Mayor Ynares remained unchallenged for 15 years because no elections were held after President Ferdinand Marcos declared Martial Law in 1972.

Atty. Mariano Cervo was appointed Officer in Charge (OIC) of Binangonan under the Revolutionary Government of President Corazon Aquino in 1986.

In the 1988 elections, Casimiro Ynares, Jr. won by a landslide victory over the protégés of the national leaders. Atty. Joaquin Mendoza was the Vice Mayor. The elected councilors were Dr. Amos P. Callanta, Emiliana Rivera, Longino del Mundo, Ronaldo Cenidoza, Antonio Reyes III, Mauricio A. Mixto, Jr., Lorenzo Lirio, and Raul Miguel.

In 1992, in the first synchronized national and local elections that saw the fielding of multi-party candidates, Engr. Isidro B. Pacis won over six mayoralty aspirants. The Sangguniang Bayan was headed by Vice- Mayor Amos Callanta with the following member-councilors: Raul Antazo, Esmer Discimulacion, Manuel Barretto, Jaime Aragones, Reynaldo Punelas, Jhoulan Aralar, Enrique Lirio and Arnel Chulvo.

Mayor Isidro Pacis was reelected in 1995. Also reeleceted were Vice-Mayor Callanta along with Councilors Reynaldo Punelas, Manuel Barretto, Jaime Aragones, Jhoulan Aralar and Esmer Discimulacion. Newly elected councilors were Allan Sunglao, Rhoniel Rivera and Mar S.J. Cenidoza.

Engr. Cesar M. Ynares was elected in 1998 by an overwhelming majority vote against incumbent Mayor Isidro B. Pacis and Raul A. Miguel was elected as Vice Mayor. Elected Councilor’s were Alfredo O. Cenidoza, Esmeraldo A. Discimulacion, Allan D. Sunglao, Reynaldo C. Dela Cuesta, Jaime A . Aragones, Ian P. Cervo, Jhoulan Aralar, and Miguel P. Manuson.

In 2001, Engr. Cesar M. Ynares was reelected against former Mayor Isidro B. Pacis. Also reelected was Engr. Raul A. Miguel as Vice-Mayor along with Councilors Alfredo C. Ceñidoza, Allan D. Sunglao, Newly elected councilors were Jane Z. Apostadero, Cresencio M. Ojoy, Donato O. Paralejas, Ruben M. Patag, Domingo C. Francisco and Gilderaldo D. Antiporda.

The year 2004 proved to be another victorious year for Engr. Cesar M. Ynares who was the sole candidate for mayoralty seat. He was again re-elected together with Engr. Raul A. Miguel as Vice Mayor along with Councilors Jane Z. Apostadero, Crisencio M. Ojoy, Alfredo C. Ceñidoza, Donato Paralejas, Ruben M. Patag and Gilderaldo D. Antiporda, newly elected councilor was Mr. Cecilio M. Ynares.

In 2007, Cecilio M. Ynares was elected against Brgy. Captain Manuel Reyes of Brgy. Lunsad. Former Administrator Engr. Reynaldo dela Cuesta was elected as Vice Mayor. Re-elected Councilors were Jane Z. Apostadero, Cresencio M. Ojoy,Donato Paralejas, Ruben Patag, Gilderaldo Antiporda, Napo Mesa and newly elected Councilors were Ruben Magdalena and Rodel Cerrero.

Climate

Binangonan features a tropical wet and dry climate with a short dry season and a prolonged wet season. The dry season runs from January through April while the wet season covers the remaining eight months of the year. Binangonan is consistently hot throughout the year, usually reaching its highest temperatures just before the onset of the monsoon. The town's coolest temperatures are typically experienced at night during the earliest portions of the dry season. Temperatures are relatively constant throughout the year with the average high of about 30°C and an average low of about 20°C.

Climate data for Binangonan, Philippines
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33
(91)
34
(93)
35
(95)
35
(95)
35
(95)
35
(95)
34
(93)
34
(93)
34
(93)
34
(93)
34
(93)
33
(91)
36
(97)
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
28
(82)
30
(86)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
28
(82)
31.25
Average low °C (°F) 17
(63)
17
(63)
20
(68)
21
(70)
22
(72)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
20
(68)
20
(68)
18
(64)
19.91
Record low °C (°F) 13
(55)
14
(57)
14
(57)
14
(57)
14
(57)
14
(57)
14
(57)
14
(57)
14
(57)
14
(57)
14
(57)
14
(57)
13
(55)
Precipitation mm (inches) 23
(0.91)
23
(0.91)
12
(0.47)
19
(0.75)
32
(1.26)
186
(7.32)
278
(10.94)
498
(19.61)
496
(19.53)
350
(13.78)
112
(4.41)
144
(5.67)
2,173
(85.55)
Source: BBC[1]

Built up area

With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the municipality is now included in Manila built up area which reaches Cardona in its Easternmost part.

Barangays

Binangonan is politically subdivided into 40 barangays.

23 mainland and 17 island barangays.

Mainland Binangonan

Barangay District of Rizal Zip Code Area (km²) Population (2007 Census) 2007 Population Density (/km²)
Bilibiran
1st
1940
12,016
Calumpang
1st
1940
14,809
Ithan
1st
1940
2,805
Kalawaan
1st
1940
28,017
Kalinawan
1st
1940
2,003
Layunan (Poblacion)
1st
1940
3,358
Libid (Poblacion)
1st
1940
7,096
Libis (Poblacion)
1st
1940
6,552
Limbon-limbon
1st
1940
1,431
Lunsad
1st
1940
8,907
Macamot
1st
1940
7,065
Mahabang Parang
1st
1940
6,524
Mambog
1st
1940
6,650
Pag-asa
1st
1940
15,613
Palangoy
1st
1940
13,548
Pantok
1st
1940
13,152
Pila-Pila
1st
1940
7,525
Pipindan
1st
1940
2,808
San Carlos
1st
1940
10,851
Tagpos
1st
1940
12,162
Tatala
1st
1940
2,805
Tayuman
1st
1940
6,242
Mainland Binangonan
1st
1940
213,579

Talim Island, Binangonan

Barangay District of Rizal Zip Code Area (km²) Population (2007 Census) 2007 Population Density (/km²)
Bangad
1st
1940
1,366
Binitagan
1st
1940
632
Bombong
1st
1940
2,697
Buhangin
1st
1940
2,039
Ginoong Sanay
1st
1940
1,643
Gulod
1st
1940
1,166
Habagatan
1st
1940
1,578
Janosa
1st
1940
2,442
Kasile
1st
1940
508
Kaytome
1st
1940
2,212
Kinaboogan
1st
1940
1,120
Kinagatan
1st
1940
1,532
Malakaban
1st
1940
1,207
Pinagdilawan
1st
1940
610
Rayap
1st
1940
1,780
Sapang
1st
1940
2,001
Tabon
1st
1940
819
Talim Island, Binangonan
1st
1940
25,352

Establishments

Sta. Ursula Parish Church
Brgy. Libis Ynares Plaza

Educational institutions

  • University of Rizal System - Binangonan
  • Rizal National Science High School
  • ICCT Colleges
  • Vicente Madrigal National High School
  • Binangonan Catholic College
  • Claremont School of Binangonan
  • Bayugo National High School
  • Binangonan Catholic College
  • Binangonan Garden of Learners
  • Child Jesus Of Prague School
  • Don Jose Ynares Memorial National Highschool
  • Genesis De Rizal School
  • Janosa National Highschool
  • Living Hope Christian School
  • Mahabang Parang National Highschool
  • Margarito Duavit Memorial Highschool
  • Meek Academy
  • Mherrynoll Montessori School
  • Niña Maria Learning School
  • PBTS Academy
  • Rizal National Science Highschool
  • Sanlex Divine Grace Academy
  • Shining Light Christian Academy
  • Southwell School
  • St. Peter Christian School
  • Talim Point National Highschool
  • Tres Ninos School Inc
  • Vicente Madrigal National Highschool
  • Zion Hills Christian Academy

Health Institutions

  • Binangonan Municipal Hospital
  • Binangonan Dialysis Center
  • Pag-asa Hospital

References

External links


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